DMCA. Copyrighted Work that you can Claim.
Base have 9 939 books.

📙 Real Essentialism (Routledge Studies in Contemporary Philosophy) by David S Oderberg — download pdf

An in-depth treatment of essence is not very common, so the book -- by a professor at the University of Reading in England -- was interesting. I agreed with part, though not near all. Chapter 1 - Contemporary essentialism and real essentialism. Since about 1970 essentialism has received more attention from philosophers than the previous few centuries. However, the modern versions significantly differ from the real essentialism endorsed by Oderberg and deriving from Aristotle and Aquinas. In his view the modern version is too much concerned with reductionism. Real essentialism is concerned not just with internal structure and an emphasis on quantity, but the unity of objects. It holds that qualitative characteristics are equally a part of ontology. The broader perspective is needed to address the essence of a statue or immaterial things. Chapter 2 - Some varieties of anti-essentialism. Oderberg addresses the views of empiricists (mainly Locke), Quine, Popper, and Wittgenstein. His presentation of Locke is one-sided. While Locke criticized real essentialism, at least for substances (Aristotle's meaning), he gave an account of nominal essence that Oderberg omitted entirely. Chapter 3 - The reliability and knowability of essence. Real essentialism is based on two aspects of unity. First, there is the unity of multiple entities that fall under the same kinds. Second, there is the unity of a concrete particular, especially a substance such as a man or gold. How can we account for a unified, characteristic repertoire of behavior, operations, and functions of a single integral entity? How do we account for something persisting that undergoes change? Chapter 4 - The structure of essence. He introduces hylemorphism (it is spelled with "e" instead of "o" in England?). Every finite material body is a compound of act and potency. Potency may be active or passive. He discusses substantial form. Actuality is to be understood as form, and potentiality as matter. Per Oderberg prime matter underlies all kinds of matter and has no form or essence. This goes beyond what Aristotle said, but maybe not beyond Aquinas. It is also rather strange, as he also says prime matter is never without some form and completely undifferentiated. The latter conflicts with the history of discovery in physics and chemistry, unless it is held that prime matter is imaginary but not real. He defends substance against trope theory. Substances are a compound of prime matter and substantial form. Chapter 5 - Essence and identity. This chapter is more about genus-species and classification. There is also a section on individuation. Every substance is a compound of matter and form. The dominant hylemorphic view is that form is the universal part, giving to each thing that shares it, its particular essence. Matter must be the principle of diversity. However, this seems to go against the claim that prime matter is not the principle of individuation. He spends pages trying to address the apparent inconsistency, in my view not very successfully. He also addresses identity over time. Chapter 6 - Essence and existence. This is about the debate of whether the essence/existence distinction is real or conception, powers, and laws of nature. Chapter 7 - Aspects of essence. He moves on to essences of other than substances, especially properties. We gain knowledge of essences via properties. He addresses jade and topaz, which are real examples somewhat like Hilary Putnam's famous water (or Twin Earth) example. Chapter 8 - Life. What is the essence of life? In essentialist terms, metabolism, growth, and reproduction stand out. He rejects vitalism and abiogenesis. Life forms are immaterial, like all forms and universals. Chapter 9 - Species, biological and metaphysical. This is about categorizing species in a hierarchy. The essentialist hierarchy, based on similar properties, i.e. morpohology, has been challenged by categorizing by evolutionary descent, especially cladistics. He thinks essence is determined by form, not a cluster of properties. A prominent argument against essentialism in biology is its vagueness, usually based on intermediate and transitional species. He argues that holding that an essence could be vague is tantamount to denying essence altogether. That is an astonishing charge. He writes, "in some cases, belief in metaphysical vagueness is no more than a projection onto the world of our incomplete grasp of essence". So why doesn't he charge classifying by metaphysical essence with vagueness, too? Chapter 10 - The person. What is the essence of personhood? He posits hylemorphic dualism. Divergences from Aristotle's ideas and toward typical religious ideas are clear. A dog's soul is wholly material but a human soul is wholly immaterial. A human soul is immortal. Consciousness is addressed.

About book:

About file:

  • File size: 2 376 398
  • Format: pdf

Security code:
Download button

Similar books results

Contemporary Philosophy In Focus
Contemporary Philosophy In Focus free epub by Yemima Ben-Menahem

This volume appraises the major philosophical contributions of Hilary Putnam (b. 1926) to the theory of meaning, philosophy of mind, philosophy of science and mathematics, and moral theory. Concerned not only with the broad spectrum of problems addressed,...

Hume, Reason and Morality: A Legacy of Contradiction (Routledge Studies in Eighteenth Century Philosophy)
Hume, Reason and Morality: A Legacy of Contradiction (Routledge Studies in Eighteenth Century Philosophy) pdf free by Sophie Botros

Covering an important theme in Humean studies, this book focuses on Humes hugely influential account of the relation between reason and morality, found in book three of his Treatise of Human Nature. Arguing that this account includes a fundamental cont...

Foundational Reflections: Studies in Contemporary Philosophy
Foundational Reflections: Studies in Contemporary Philosophy free download by Harold A. Durfee (auth.)

The American University Publications In From its inception Philosophy has continued the direction stated in the sub-title of the initial volume that of probing new directions in philosophy. As the series has developed these probings of new directions have...

Contemporary Philosophy In Focus
Contemporary Philosophy In Focus free download by Christopher W. Morris

Amartya Sen was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 1998 "for his contributions in welfare economics." Although his primary academic appointments have been mostly in economics, Sen is also an important and influential social theorist and phil...

Kant and the Foundations of Analytic Philosophy
Kant and the Foundations of Analytic Philosophy free download by Robert Hanna

Robert Hanna presents a fresh view of the Kantian and analytic traditions that have dominated continental European and Anglo-American philosophy over the last two centuries, and of the connections between them. But this is not just a study in the history ...

The Realist Hope: A Critique of Anti-realist Approaches in Contemporary Philosophical Theology (Heythrop Studies in Contemporary Philosophy, Religion and ... Philosophy, Religion and Theology)
The Realist Hope: A Critique of Anti-realist Approaches in Contemporary Philosophical Theology (Heythrop Studies in Contemporary Philosophy, Religion and ... Philosophy, Religion and Theology) free pdf by Christopher J. Insole

Taking into consideration analytical, continental, historical, post-modern and contemporary thinkers, Insole provides a powerful defence of a realist construal of religious discourse. Insole argues that anti-realism tends towards absolutism and hubris. Wh...

Medieval Philosophy and Modern Times
Medieval Philosophy and Modern Times download pdf by Stephen F. Brown (auth.), Ghita HolmstrÖm-Hintikka (eds.)

Modern developments in philosophy have provided us with tools, logical and methodological, that were not available to Medieval thinkers - a development that has its dangers as well as opportunities. Modern tools allow one to penetrate old texts and analyz...

Literature and the Philosophy of Intention
Literature and the Philosophy of Intention download pdf by Patrick Swinden (auth.)

This book attempts to reinstate the importance of authorial intention by examining arguments against it from a variety of sources - American New Criticism, European Structuralism and various kinds of postmodernist theory. It enlists the aid of Kantian aes...

Control System Design
Control System Design free download by Graham C. Goodwin, Stefan F. Graebe, Mario E. Salgado

Much has been written about the need to revitalize control education. This book addresses the problem by providing a refreshing new approach to teaching control system design. The book strongly emphasizes real-world design, making it appropriate for the f...

  Medical Microbiology
Medical Microbiology free pdf by Jawetz

Linking fundamental microbiology concepts with the diagnosis and treatment of clinical infections, this one-of-a-kind, portable text delivers an essential overview of the organisms and agents involved in clinical microbiology. In addition to brief descrip...

Microbial Forensics
Microbial Forensics epub download by Roger Breeze

The editors have gathered an impressive array of experts and present 18 chapters that give the reader both an overview of microbial forensics and fairly intricate details regarding different aspects of the field. ...contains a good amount of interesting i...

Molecular Mechanisms of Cancer
Molecular Mechanisms of Cancer epub download by Georg F. Weber

This book describes molecular processes whose deregulation is important in the formation of tumors. The material is developed from basic cell signaling pathways to their roles in the clinical manifestation of specific cancers. Topics covered include molec...

Cultural History of Plants
Cultural History of Plants free pdf by G. Prance, M. Nesbitt

Introductory Plant Biology

Distillation Operation
Distillation Operation free pdf by Henry Kister

There are many books that discuss distillation,but there is only one that concentrates on giving readers practical guidelines for operation,troubleshooting and control. This is that book. Its contents revolves around over 300 actual case histories of dist...

Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry

The Essence of Chromatography
The Essence of Chromatography free download by Colin F. Poole

The knowledge base of chromatography continued to expand throughout the 1990s owing to its many applications to problems of contemporary interest in industry, life and environmental sciences. Organizing this information into a single text for a diverse gr...

Encyclopedia of Analytical Science [10 Volumes, analytical chemistry]
Encyclopedia of Analytical Science [10 Volumes, analytical chemistry] free pdf by Worsfold

Elsevier - Encyclopedia of Analytical Science - Энциклопедия аналитических наук. Англ. яз. В 10-ти т.As with the first edition of the Encyclopedia of Analytical Science, this second edition is designed to provide a detailed and comprehensive publication ...

Biochemistry of Lipids, Lipoproteins and Membranes