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📙 Les croisades by Zoé Oldenbourg — epub download


Les croisades sont un phénomène d’ordre tout à la fois religieux, culturel, social et politique. Il fallait donc déployer une approche historique qui restitue la totalité des dimensions de cet événement d’une portée immense et dont notre époque se fait encore l’écho. La grande historienne Zoé Oldenbourg distingue deux époques: la première (de 1096 à la fin du XIIᵉ siècle) comprend la conquête de la Terre sainte, la fondation du royaume franc d’Orient, la chute de ce royaume; la deuxième (1202-1270) recouvre les tentatives de reconquête des Lieux saints, toutes avortées ou détournées de leur but initial: la conquête de Constantinople, les croisades d’Égypte. Le présent ouvrage traite de la seule première époque des croisades. L’auteure explique les origines du mouvement et les rapports entre l’Occident latin et les deux grandes civilisations orientales: Byzance et l’Islam. Elle retrace l’histoire du royaume latin de Jérusalem, ce curieux État franc, qui, né du plus brutal esprit de conquête, fut un instant sur le point de devenir un médiateur entre l’Orient et l’Occident.

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